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Advanced Physics 1

Module PH9105

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2020/1

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
WS 2022/3WS 2021/2WS 2020/1WS 2019/20WS 2016/7WS 2010/1

Basic Information

PH9105 is a semester module in German language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Physics Modules for Students of Education

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
300 h 90 h 10 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH9105 in the version of WS 2020/1 was Matthias Rief.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


  • Geometrical optics
  • physical optics (wave optics): interference and diffraction phenomena
  • modern physics: Planck's radiation laws, electron diffraction, fundamentals of quantum mechanics
  • atomic physics: hydrogen atom and many-electron atoms, specific spectra, Schrödinger's equation
  • molecule physics: binding mechanisms, vibrations
  • introduction to solid state physics: binding types, crystals, x-ray diffraction, reciprocal lattice and Brillouin-Zones.

Learning Outcome

After the successful participation in the module the student is able to:

  1. illustrate the transition from classical physics to quantum physics historically and factually and therefore enable pupils at school teaching to find a comprehensible approach to the difficult field of quantum physics
  2. comprehend exemplarily the consequences of modern physics to the understanding of physics phenomena and effects observed in the macroscopic world and thus explain other effects in the macroscopic world
  3. understand and explain the physics background of optical instruments and spectrometers
  4. reproduce and explain the diverse atomic models
  5. understand the fundamentals of the Schrödinger's equation and apply this equation to basic problems
  6. extract and sketch relevant experiments to answer problems in modern physics
  7. describe the consequences of atomic states to bindings in molecules and solid state systems
  8. reproduce and explain the structure of crystals and the corresponding analysing methods
  9. comprehend and apply the mathematical fundamentals in modern physics
  10. recognise universal concepts and methods in physics and see independently correlations between different fields in physics


Knowledge in physics at the level of the successful completed bachelor course "vocational education" with school subject "physics"

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

Learning and Teaching Methods

In the thematically structured lecture the learning content is presented. With cross references between different topics the universal concepts in physics are shown. In scientific discussions the students are involved to stimulate their analytic-physics intellectual power.

In the Tutorial the learning content is deepened and exercised using problem examples and calculations. Thus the students are able to explain and apply the learned physics knowledge independently.


writing on blackboard, presentations, videos, computer animations, visiting of laboratory

freely available lecture notes

exercise problems


Any standard physics textbook containing optics, atomic physics and molecule physics.

For concepts of solid state physics: P. Hofmann, Solid State Physics – An Introduction or C. Kittel - Introduction to Solid State Physics

F. Embacher, Mathematische Grundlagen für das Lehramtsstudium Physik


Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

The learning outcome is tested in an oral exam of about 30 minutes consisting of comprehension questions and short quantitative estimations. The student has to prove that she/he has comprehended the covered topics of modern physics. Especially important is to prove that she/he has realised the correlation between different topics in physics and is able to deal independently with this knowledge and refine her/his own ideas. In an (developing) oral exam this can be proved in the most efficient way.

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

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