# Experimental Physics 1 Major (LB-Technik)

## Module PH9103

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

### Module version of WS 2015/6

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

available module versions | ||
---|---|---|

WS 2017/8 | WS 2015/6 | WS 2010/1 |

### Basic Information

PH9103 is a semester module in German language at Bachelor’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

- Physics Modules for Students of Education

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workload | Contact hours | Credits (ECTS) |
---|---|---|

180 h | 60 h | 6 CP |

Responsible coordinator of the module PH9103 in the version of WS 2015/6 was Franz Pfeiffer.

### Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions

#### Content

Electricity and magnetism:

- fundamental quantities of electricity; analogy coulomb force / gravitational force; potentials; energy density of electric field; capacitance; calculation of capacitors; electric field in matter; electrostatic induction;
- continuous current; circuits; current and voltage measurement; basic circuits with operational amplifiers
- alternating current; circuits; reactance; active and reactive power
- oscillating circuits; non-harmonic signals; Fourier analysis; noise phenomena
- charge carrier density and mobility
- magnetic fields: Lorentz force; cyclotron; mass spectrometer; northern lights; electron optics (electron microscope); Hall effect; action of force to live conductor; electric motor; magnetic moment
- generation of magnetic fields; La Pace law; action of force between live conductors
- examples: electric guns; deformation of thin walled pipes by peak current;
- electromagnetic induction and inductance; switching operations in circuits with inductances;
- magnetism of matter: concept of microscopic circle currents; diamagnetism, paramagnetism, ferromagnetism; magnetic order
- transformer;
- dielectric current and electromagnetic waves; energy density and energy flow of electromagnetic waves; polarisation;
- Maxwell equations; wave guide; recapitulation of terms from vector analysis.

Very fast particles: fundamentals of theory of relativity

- Michelson-Morley-experiment and Einstein's relativity hypotheses; definition of synchronism; time dilatation and length contraction; Lorentz transformation; momentum and energy in relativistic mechanics;

Structure of matter:

- quantum effects and "early quantum theory";
- particle nature of photon: black body radiation and photo effect;
- Boltzmann distribution
- momentum of photon; radiation pressure;
- electrons and photons; Compton effect;

Atoms and spectra:

- atomic model of Rutherford;
- hydrogen atom and Bohr atom;
- diffraction of x-rays in solid state bodies;
- diffraction of electrons: De Broglie waves;
- quantum mechanics deduced from known wave properties;
- wave functions and operators; Schrödinger's equation;
- principles of quantum mechanics;
- Heisenberg uncertainty principle;
- "Particle in a Box";
- tunnel effect;
- atoms; orbitals and spin; periodic table;
- microscopic magnetic moments;
- application: electron magnetic resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance; tomography
- magnetic coupling;

#### Learning Outcome

After the successful participation in the module the student is able to:

- comprehend the fundamental terms in electricity and magnetism and apply these in continuous current and alternating current curcuits
- know the phenomena of the action of force to moving electric charges in magnetic fields
- describe the properties of electromagnetic waves
- know the fundamentals of theory of relativity
- evaluate the importance of quantum theory for the structure of matter
- describe quantum mechanical effects and approaches.

#### Preconditions

PH9101 Fundamentals of experimental physics I

PH9102 Fundamentals of experimental physics II

PH9110 Mathematical Methods of Physics 1

PH9111 Mathematical Methods of Physics 2

### Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

#### Courses and Schedule

Type | SWS | Title | Lecturer(s) | Dates |
---|---|---|---|---|

VO | 2 | Vertiefung Experimentalphysik 1 (LB-Technik) | Dietz, H. |
Mon, 11:45–13:15 |

UE | 2 | Exercises to Experimental Physics 1 Major (LB-Technik) |
Responsible/Coordination: Dietz, H. |
dates in groups |

#### Learning and Teaching Methods

Lecture, presentations, videos, demonstration of experiments

#### Media

writing on blackboard, presentation

#### Literature

- Halliday, Resnick, Parker: Halliday Physik, Bachelor Edition, Wiley-VCH (Taschenbuch Weinheim 2007; geb. Ausgabe 2009)
- Meschede:Gerthsen Physik, Springer (Berlin 2006)
- Giancoli: Physik, Pearson Education (München 2009)
- Tipler, Mosca et al.: Physik, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (Heidelberg 2009)
- Demtröder: Experimentalphysik (2 - 4), Springer (Berlin 2008 - 2010)
- Hering, Martin, Stohrer: Physik für Ingenieure, Springer (Berlin 2008)
- Kopitzki, Herzog: Einführung in die Festkörperphysik, Vieweg & Teubner (Wiesbaden 2007)
- Hunklinger: Festkörperphysik, Oldenburg (München 2009)
- Kittel: Einführung in die Festkörperphysik, Oldenburg (München 2005)
- Dobrinski, Krakau, Vogel: Physik für Ingenieure, Vieweg & Teubner (Wiesbaden 2009)
- Müller: Grundlagen der Halbleiter-Elektronik, Springer (Berlin 2008)