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Semiconductor Quantum Photonics

Module PH2273

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2018/9

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
WS 2020/1WS 2018/9SS 2018

Basic Information

PH2273 is a semester module in English language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 45 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2273 in the version of WS 2018/9 was Kai Müller.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


Photons travel with the speed of light and in various media can travel large distance without significant absorption. Therefore, they play a unique role in quantum technologies. The semiconductor platform is ideally suited for the generation of quantum states of light using quantum emitters and optically active spin qubits as well as for routing photons and creating effective photon-photon-interactions. This lecture will cover the fundamentals of semiconductor quantum photonics and their application in quantum technologies. Specific aspects are:

  • Fundamentals of quantum photonics
  • Examples of optically-active semiconductor qubits
  • Quantum communication
  • Photonic quantum computing

Learning Outcome

After successful completion of the module the students are able to

  • understand single qubits, two-qubit states and quantum entanglement.
  • explain coherent light-matter interaction and resonator QED.
  • know the advantages and disadvantages of different optically-active semiconductor qubits.
  • know the different protocols for quantum communication and their implementation
  • understand how to use photons for quantum computing.


No preconditions in addition to the requirements for the Master’s program in Physics.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

Learning and Teaching Methods

In the thematically structured lecture the learning content is presented. With cross references between different topics the universal concepts in semiconductor quantum photonics are shown. In scientific discussions the students are involved to stimulate their analytic-physics intellectual power.

In the exercise class example problems and recent publications will be discussed.


Blackboard-syle use of tablet via presenter


Mark Fox - Quantum Optics: An introduction (Oxford University Press 2006)

M.A. Nielsen and I.L. Chuang - Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University Press)

Peter Michler - Quantum Dots for Quantum Information Technologies - (Springer, 2017).

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

There will be an oral exam of 25 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions and sample problems.

For example an assignment in the exam might be:

  • What is a qubit and what is it good for?
  • What is a quantum repeater and how does it work?
  • What is a photonic cluster state and how can it be generated?

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

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