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Physics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2

Module PH2271

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2022/3 (current)

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
WS 2022/3SS 2021WS 2019/20WS 2018/9SS 2018

Basic Information

PH2271 is a semester module in English language at Master’s level which is offered in summer semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
  • Focus Area Imaging in M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 45 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2271 is Marion Irene Menzel.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


This course is the second part of a two lectures series, dealing with the physical principles of advanced concepts of magnetic resonance imaging and its applications in medical imaging. The content of the second part focuses on advanced concepts of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The lecture starts with a brief review of the essentials of Physics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 1. It continues with a taxonomy of advanced MRI methods, an overview of the physico-chemical interactions and popular corresponding tools. RF pulses, the extended phase graphs model (EPG) will be covered in detail. The notation of gradient moments and corresponding encoding of non-stationary spins prepare for understanding diffusion MR, MR Fingerprinting and Fast Imaging methods. Further, extrinsic and intrinsic contrast mechanisms for micro- and macrovascular flow sensitive MRI will be introduced with a specific focus on arterial spin labelling as a relevant advanced MRI method that is about to enter the clinical setting.

Learning Outcome

After successful participation in this module the student is able to:

  1. describe the physical principles underlying the process of MR signal generation and detection for simple and advanced MR. 
  2. understand essential physico-chemical mechanisms of contrast generation. 
  3. explain how the transient response of a spin system can be modelled. 
  4. analyze advanced MR pulse sequences and understand how they work 
  5. understand how multiparametric MR images are reconstructed 
  6. understand how MRI can be accelerated by rapid acquisition and under sampling techniques 
  7. understand how MRI can be used to depict micro- and macrovascular flow


No preconditions in addition to the requirements for the Master’s program in Physics. Prior attendance to the lecture “Physics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 1” is highly recommended.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VO 2 Physics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2 Menzel, M.
Assistants: Ganter, C.Hammernik, K.Pirkl, C.Preibisch, C.Verdun, C.
Thu, 15:00–18:00
Thu, 15:00–18:00
Thu, 15:00–18:00
Thu, 15:00–18:00
and singular or moved dates
UE 1 Exercise to Physics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2
Responsible/Coordination: Menzel, M.

Learning and Teaching Methods

This module consists of a lecture and an exercise class.

The teaching methods are: Oral presentation, Quiz, Exercises, Discussions. 


Whiteboard, Powerpoint presentation, Moodle


  • Z.-P. Liang & P.C. Lauterbur: Principles of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Signal Processing Perspective, Wiley-IEEE, (1999)
  • R.W. Brown, Y.-C.N. Cheng, E.M. Haacke, M.R. Thompson, R. Venkatesan: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Physical Principles and Sequence Design, 2. Ed., Wiley-Blackwell, (2014); available online from within TUM via:

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

There will be an oral exam of 25 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions and sample calculations.

For example an assignment in the exam might be: Description of typical MRI pulse sequence (incl. k-space sampling)

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

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