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Extreme Conditions Physics

Module PH2243

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2016/7

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
WS 2021/2WS 2020/1WS 2018/9WS 2017/8WS 2016/7

Basic Information

PH2243 is a semester module in German or English language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 60 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2243 in the version of WS 2016/7 was Elena Hassinger.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


In condensed matter physics, external tuning parameters are a powerful tool to vary the groundstate of a system and investigate its properties. In this lecture, we will discuss how extreme conditions such as low temperature, high pressure and strong magnetic field are used as external tuning parameters to study current topics in solid state physics.  A substantial part of the lecture will deal with the technical aspects of how extreme conditions are produced in the laboratory. 

1) Low temperature

  • Low temperature techniques
  • Cryostats
  • Thermometry
  • Phase transitions
  • Quantum phase transitions
  • Superconductivity and magnetism

2) High pressure

  • Pressure cells
  • Measurement of high pressure
  • Pressure-induced phase transitions
  • Quantum phase transitions

3) High magnetic field

  • Static magnets
  • Pulsed magnets
  • Measurement of magnetic fields
  • Measurement techniques in high magnetic fields
  • Quantum effects:
  • Quantum oscillations
  • Quantum Hall effect

Learning Outcome

After the successful participation at the module, the participants will be familiar with current topics in condensed matter physics that are studied using extreme conditions. The participants will understand and know how extreme conditions are used to tackle the open physical questions. The students will also know how extreme conditions, that is low temperatures, high pressures and high magnetic fields are technically realized and measured. The students should be able to evaluate, which techniques are useful in which situation..


Introduction to solid state physics

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

Learning and Teaching Methods

Lecture, beamer presentation, blackboard work, exercises in groups, discussions


blackboard, powerpoint


no info

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

In a written exam of 60 minutes the learning outcome is tested using comprehension questions and sample problems.

In accordance with §12 (8) APSO the exam can be done as an oral exam. In this case the time duration is 25 minutes.

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