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Concepts for Future Hadron Collider Experiments 1

Module PH2238

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2018/9

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
WS 2022/3WS 2021/2WS 2020/1WS 2019/20WS 2018/9WS 2017/8WS 2016/7

Basic Information

PH2238 is a semester module in German or English language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 30 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2238 in the version of WS 2018/9 was Oliver Kortner.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


The standard model of strong and electroweak interactions provides an accurate description of the data of all current particle physics experiments. Yet the existance of dark matter in the universe indicates the incompleteness of the standard model. In order to study the limitations of the standard model and its necessary extensions experiments at new particle physics accelarators are needed.

The lecture starts with a brief summary of the standard model to explain the open questions in particle physics and to show how future experiments can help to solve these questions. Two examples for future hadron collider physics experiments will be discussed in detail: the upgraded ATLAS and CMS experiments at the high-luminosity (HL) LHC which will be put into operation in 2016 and concepts for experiments for a new hadron collider, the so-called future circular collider (FCC) where protons would be collided at ten times the centre of mass energy of the HL-LHC. The lecture will focus on the technological challenges of both projects and the currently discussed technologies.

Learning Outcome

- Basic principles of quantum field theories.

- The standard model of strong and electroweak interactions as an example of a gauge field theory.

- Limitations and extensions of the standard model.

- Hadron colliders.

- Detector technologies for experiments at hadron colliders.


No preconditions in addition to the requirements for the Master’s program in Physics.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

Learning and Teaching Methods

The main focus of the lecture is on basic principles which drive the structure of a particle detector at a particle accelerator and the methods which are used for the statistical analysis of experimental data. In the lecture the principles will be explained in detail and illustrated with examples of running and future experiments.


Use of the black board and the projector. Lecture notes will be provided.


M. Maggiore, A Modern Introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Oxford 2005.

K. Kleinknecht, Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung, Teubner 1992.

W. R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments, Springer 1993.

G. Lutz, Semiconductor Radiation Detectors, Springer 2007.

W. Blum, W. Riegler, L. Rolandi, Particle Detection with Drift Chambers, Springer 2008.

H. Kolanoski, N. Wermes, Teilchendetektoren, Grundlagen und Anwendungen, ISBN 978-3-662-45349-0.

F. James, Statistical Methods In Experimental Physics (2Nd Edition), ISBN-13: 978-9812705273.

The ATLAS Collaboration, ATLAS Phase-II Upgrade Scoping Document, CERN-LHCC-2015-020 ; LHCC-G-166.

The CMS Collaboration, CMS Phase II Upgrade Scope Document, CERN-LHCC-2015-019 ; LHCC-G-165.

The FCC project web page:

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

There will be an oral exam of 30 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions and application examples.

For example an assignment in the exam might be: How do particles interact with matter? How is this used in particle detection?

In the exam no learning aids are permitted.

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

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