Concepts for Future Hadron Collider Experiments 1

Module PH2238

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Basic Information

PH2238 is a semester module in German or English language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • General catalogue of special courses
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h  h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2238 is Oliver Kortner.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


The standard model of strong and electroweak interactions provides an accurate description of the data of all current particle physics experiments. Yet the existance of dark matter in the universe indicates the incompleteness of the standard model. In order to study the limitations of the standard model and its necessary extensions experiments at new particle physics accelarators are needed.

The lecture starts with a brief summary of the standard model to explain the open questions in particle physics and to show how future experiments can help to solve these questions. Two examples for future hadron collider physics experiments will be discussed in detail: the upgraded ATLAS and CMS experiments at the high-luminosity (HL) LHC which will be put into operation in 2016 and concepts for experiments for a new hadron collider, the so-called future circular collider (FCC) where protons would be collided at ten times the centre of mass energy of the HL-LHC. The lecture will focus on the technological challenges of both projects and the currently discussed technologies.

Learning Outcome

- Basic principles of quantum field theories.

- The standard model of strong and electroweak interactions as an example of a gauge field theory.

- Limitations and extensions of the standard model.

- Hadron colliders.

- Detector technologies for experiments at hadron colliders.


No preconditions in addition to the requirements for the Master’s program in Physics.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VO 2 Konzepte für zukünftige Hadroncolliderexperimente 1 Kortner, O. Freitag, 10:00–12:00

Learning and Teaching Methods

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M. Maggiore, A Modern Introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Oxford 2005.

K. Kleinknecht, Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung, Teubner 1992.

W. R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments, Springer 1993.

G. Lutz, Semiconductor Radiation Detectors, Springer 2007.

W. Blum, W. Riegler, L. Rolandi, Particle Detection with Drift Chambers, Springer 2008.

The ATLAS Collaboration, ATLAS Phase-II Upgrade Scoping Document, CERN-LHCC-2015-020 ; LHCC-G-166.

The CMS Collaboration, CMS Phase II Upgrade Scope Document, CERN-LHCC-2015-019 ; LHCC-G-165.

The FCC project web page:

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

In a written exam of 60 minutes the learning outcome is tested using comprehension questions and sample problems.

In accordance with §12 (8) APSO the exam can be done as an oral exam. In this case the time duration is 25 minutes.

Condensed Matter

When atoms interact things can get interesting. Fundamental research on the underlying properties of materials and nanostructures and exploration of the potential they provide for applications.

Nuclei, Particles, Astrophysics

A journey of discovery to understanding our world at the subatomic scale, from the nuclei inside atoms down to the most elementary building blocks of matter. Are you ready for the adventure?


Biological systems, from proteins to living cells and organisms, obey physical principles. Our research groups in biophysics shape one of Germany's largest scientific clusters in this area.