Chemistry in Biomedical Imaging for Physicists
Module version of WS 2021/2 (current)
There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.
Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.
|available module versions|
|WS 2021/2||SS 2021||WS 2020/1||SS 2020||WS 2019/20||SS 2019||SS 2018||WS 2017/8||WS 2015/6|
PH2226 is a semester module in English language at Master’s level which is offered every semester.
This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.
- Specific catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
- Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
- Focus Area Imaging in M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics
- Complementary catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
- Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.
|Total workload||Contact hours||Credits (ECTS)|
|150 h||30 h||5 CP|
Responsible coordinator of the module PH2226 is Franz Pfeiffer.
Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions
1. Introduction to biomedical imaging
2. Introduction to the chemistry involved in the biomedical imaging modalities
3. Chemical methodology for labelling and bioconjugation
4. Contrast agents for computed tomography (CT)
5. Nanoparticle-based contrast agents for CT
6. Contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
7. Nanoparticle-based contrast agents for MRI
8. Contrast agents for positron emission tomography (PET) I
9. Contrast agents for PET II
10. Contrast agents for microscopy techniques
11. Contrast agents for fluorescence microscopy
12. Immunofluorescence techniques
13. Multimodal imaging, emerging modalities and techniques
After successful lecture participation the student is able to:
1. apply the basic principles of the discussed biomedical imaging techniques (computed tomography, microscopic techniques, magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography) for assigning chemical properties to contrast agents used for biomedical imaging;
2. identify the biomedical imaging technique(s) being addressed with a specific contrast agent;
3. analyze chemical structures, properties and strategies regarding biomedical imaging in a clinical and research context.
No mandatory requirements are necessary. Basic chemical understanding from the physics bachelor studies is helpful.
Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature
Courses and Schedule
|VO||2||Chemistry in Biomedical Imaging for Physicists||
Assistants: Busse, M.
Tue, 16:00–18:00, virtuell
|UE||1||Exercise to Chemistry in Biomedical Imaging for Physicists||
Responsible/Coordination: Pfeiffer, F.
Learning and Teaching Methods
The lecture introduces and explains basic chemical principles and methods, which are needed for the contrast agents used in biomedical imaging. Later, this knowledge will be applied to the contrast agent chemistry involved in biomedical imaging techniques.
During the lecture, experiments and macroscopic illustrative materials such as molecule models are used to exemplify the presented theory. Interactive discussions with and amongst the students are encouraged through individual and group work. Here, the two aspects of knowledge acquisition and presentation as well as knowledge repetition and application are addressed. For that matter, various methods such as accompanying worksheets or interactive online quizzes are used.
The lecture material contains of textbook recommendations and scientific references, which aim to promote an independent literature research. The students are guided to further deepen their understanding of the topics discussed during the individual lectures. In addition to the lecture script, learning outcome tables are presented, which contain example questions over the different taxonomies (name, understand, apply, analyse, evaluate and create knowledge). In this way, the students are guided towards the final exam of this module.
Power point presentation
Interactive online quiz
1. N. J. LongandW.-T.Wong,Thechemistryofmolecularimaging.2015,Hoboken,New Jersey:Wiley.
2. H. Y. Chen,M. M.Rogalski,andJ. N.Anker,AdvancesinfunctionalX-rayimaging echniquesandcontrastagents.PhysicalChemistry
3. H. Lusicetal.,X-raycomputedtomographycontrastagentsforcartilageimaging.Abstracts ofPapersoftheAmericanChemicalSociety,
4. N. Lee,S. H.Choi,andT.Hyeon,Nano-SizedCTContrastAgents.AdvancedMaterials, 2013.25(19):p.2641-2660.
5. N. J. Pelc,RecentandFutureDirectionsinCTImaging.AnnalsofBiomedicalEngineering, 2014.42(2):p.260-268.
6. Y. L. Liu,K. L.Ai,andL. H.Lu,NanoparticulateX-rayComputedTomographyContrast Agents:FromDesignValidationtoinVivo
molecular imaging.Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging, 2015.10(1):p.117.
8. S. I. Ziegler,Positronemissiontomography:Principles,technology,andrecent developments.NuclearPhysicsA,
9. M. BraddockandRoyalSocietyofChemistry(GreatBritain),Biomedicalimaging – The chemistryoflabels,probesand
contrast agents,inRSCdrugdiscovery.2011,Royal SocietyofChemistry,:Cambridge.p.1onlineresource(1v.).
10. L. Helm,A. E.Merbach,andE.v.Tóth,Thechemistryofcontrastagentsinmedicalmagnetic resonanceimaging.Secondedition/ed.
11. D. W. Townsend,Multimodalityimagingofstructureandfunction.PhysicsinMedicineand Biology,2008.53(4):p.R1-R39.
Description of exams and course work
There will be an oral exam of 25 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions and case studies.
For example an assignment in the exam might be:
- Why is gadolinium used in MRI contrast agent design?
- Review the chemical structures on the provided worksheet and assign each substance to the biomedical imaging technique(s).
- What contrast agent is the best choice? Discuss the question by using the provided table.
The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.
Current exam dates
Currently TUMonline lists the following exam dates. In addition to the general information above please refer to the current information given during the course.
|Exam to Chemistry in Biomedical Imaging for Physicists|
|Mon, 2022-02-07||Dummy-Termin. Wenden Sie sich zur individuellen Terminvereinbarung an die/den Prüfer(in). Anmeldung für Prüfungstermin vor Sa, 02.04.2022. Melden Sie sich bitte nur an, wenn Sie die Prüfung verbindlich auch nach Lektüre der Informationen unter https://www.tum.de/die-tum/aktuelles/coronavirus/pruefungen/ ablegen werden. // Dummy date. Contact examiner for individual appointment. Registration for exam date before Sat, 2022-04-02. See https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/coronavirus/coronavirus-exams/ for further information and only register after reading!||till 2022-01-15 (cancelation of registration till 2022-02-06)|
|Mon, 2022-04-04||Dummy-Termin. Wenden Sie sich zur individuellen Terminvereinbarung an die/den Prüfer(in). Anmeldung für Prüfungstermin zwischen Mo, 04.04.2022 und Sa, 30.04.2022. Melden Sie sich bitte nur an, wenn Sie die Prüfung verbindlich auch nach Lektüre der Informationen unter https://www.tum.de/die-tum/aktuelles/coronavirus/pruefungen/ ablegen werden. // Dummy date. Contact examiner for individual appointment. Registration for exam date between Mon, 2022-04-04 and Sat, 2022-04-30. See https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/coronavirus/coronavirus-exams/ for further information and only register after reading!||till 2022-04-03|