From Quarks to Hadrons: Low and Intermediate Energy Regime

Module PH2214

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Basic Information

PH2214 is a semester module in English or German language at Master’s level which is offered in summer semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • General catalogue of special courses
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 75 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2214 is Jan Michael Friedrich.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


The lecture starts with the early, still quite simple experimental setups in order to study the nuclear force, in order to motivate the ongoing, often very elaborate research activities that aim to clarify the least known aspects of the strong force. Some key publications are discussed in detail, focusing on processes at intermediate energies which are governed by fundamental symmetries and a rich resonance spectrum. Of special interest is the chiral symmetry, which can be used for a systematic perturbation calculus , featuring high predictive power for the ongoing experimental studies. This approach allows for testing the quark substructure of matter complementary to deep-inelastic scattering.

Learning Outcome

After successful participation in the module, the students are able to understand experiments with strongly interacting particles, allowing to take on responsible work within the usually larger groups. The elementary interactions of protons, neutrons, pions and more strongly-interacting particles can be handled in detail, and used in estimates of planned experiments and in data analysis.


Successful participation in a particle and quantum physics module, whose concepts will be recapitulated.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VU 4 Von Quarks zu Hadronen: nieder- und mittelenergetischer Bereich Friedrich, J. Montag, 10:00–12:00
sowie Termine in Gruppen

Learning and Teaching Methods

lecture and exercise sheets


Presentation is provided in PDF, smartboard


is given in the first lecture

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

In a written exam the learning outcome is tested using comprehension questions and sample problems.

In accordance with §12 (8) APSO the exam can be done as an oral exam. In this case the time duration is 25 minutes.

Exam Repetition

There is a possibility to take the exam at the end of the semester.

Condensed Matter

When atoms interact things can get interesting. Fundamental research on the underlying properties of materials and nanostructures and exploration of the potential they provide for applications.

Nuclei, Particles, Astrophysics

A journey of discovery to understanding our world at the subatomic scale, from the nuclei inside atoms down to the most elementary building blocks of matter. Are you ready for the adventure?


Biological systems, from proteins to living cells and organisms, obey physical principles. Our research groups in biophysics shape one of Germany's largest scientific clusters in this area.