Module PH2199

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Basic Information

PH2199 is a semester module in English or German language at Master’s level which is offered in summer semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • General catalogue of special courses
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 40 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2199 is Bruno Leibundgut.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


Modern cosmology is based on the principles of General Relativity and several basic assumptions. Many different observational methods are employed to describe the universe and its contents. The course will introduce the theoretical framework and the current view of the creation and evolution of the universe. It will cover the idea of inflation and the Big Bang for the beginning of the universe, the description of gravity as the dominating force shaping the universe and the various components, which determine its evolution. The various observables: cosmic background radiation, large scale evolution, evolution of the expansion rate measured through distance indicators and chemical evolution will be described and their strengths and weaknesses discussed.

Learning Outcome

After this course the students will have an understanding of the current cosmological model and will be able to interpret cosmological discussions. They will know the major results, which led to the current world view and will have the tools to analyse new and different models.



Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VO 2 Beobachtende Kosmologie Hillebrandt, W. Leibundgut, B. Freitag, 12:00–14:00

Learning and Teaching Methods

lecture, beamer presentation, board work, discussion


no info


  • S. Dodelson: Modern Cosmology, Academic Press 2003
  • J. Peacock: Cosmological Physics, Cambridge University Press, 2005

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

In an oral exam the learning outcome is tested using comprehension questions and sample problems.

In accordance with §12 (8) APSO the exam can be done as a written test. In this case the time duration is 60 minutes.

Exam Repetition

There is a possibility to take the exam at the end of the semester.

Condensed Matter

When atoms interact things can get interesting. Fundamental research on the underlying properties of materials and nanostructures and exploration of the potential they provide for applications.

Nuclei, Particles, Astrophysics

A journey of discovery to understanding our world at the subatomic scale, from the nuclei inside atoms down to the most elementary building blocks of matter. Are you ready for the adventure?


Biological systems, from proteins to living cells and organisms, obey physical principles. Our research groups in biophysics shape one of Germany's largest scientific clusters in this area.