This website is no longer updated.

As of 1.10.2022, the Faculty of Physics has been merged into the TUM School of Natural Sciences with the website For more information read Conversion of Websites.

de | en

Photochemical Energy Conversion Artificial Photosynthesis

Module PH2197

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2017/8

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
SS 2022SS 2021SS 2020SS 2019WS 2017/8SS 2014

Basic Information

PH2197 is a semester module in English language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Biophysics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 60 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2197 in the version of WS 2017/8 was Werner Schindler.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


Photochemical Energy Conversion and Artificial Photosynthesis

For the transition to a renewable energy based energy supply, the greatest challenge is the energy storage to compensate for the daily and yearly variability of wind and solar energy. Owing to their high energy density and temporally unlimited storage capacity, fuels, such as hydrogen, methane or liquid hydrocarbons, present the ideal storage medium.
In the lecture we will discuss in-depth state of the art routes to store solar energy directly in form of chemical energy. These routes involve absorption of solar light (mainly by a semiconductor), and accumulation of the minority charge carriers at the semiconductor surface followed by charge transfer of an electron or hole to a chemical species, such as water or carbon dioxide. Artificial pathways to solar fuels will be compared to natural photosynthesis.  The lecture will provide foundations of the various areas being necessary to understand the production of fuels from sunlight: semiconductor physics, semiconductor surfaces, the solid-liquid interface,  electron transfer theories, experimental techniques, state of the art of water splitting and carbon dioxide reduction.

Learning Outcome

After successful completion of the module the students are familiar with the prospects of photochemical energy conversion for future energy storage technologies. In particular, the students are able to
1.    explain the physical foundations needed for photochemical energy conversion
2.    determine the efficiency of individual energy transfer processes with physical concepts
3.    assess the rank of solar fuels in a future renewable energy scenario
4.    estimate the applicability of different production routes of solar fuels
5.    compare photochemical energy conversion to alternative concepts


Bachelor in Physics or Chemistry

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VU 4 Photochemical Energy Conversion and Artificial Photosynthesis Krischer, K. Schindler, W. Wed, 10:00–12:00, PH 3734
and singular or moved dates
and dates in groups

Learning and Teaching Methods

Lecture: The teaching an learning content is presented, discussed, and explained in a structured and detailed manner. Basic knowledge of the physical and chemical aspects in this field is imparted, as well as various aspects of technical systems and devices are discussed. Universal methodic and physical concepts are highlighted by cross referencing between different topics. The students are involved in scientific discussions to stimulate their analytic thinking in physical problems. Regular attendance is, hence, highly recommended.

Exercise: The presentation of the learning content is enhanced by examples and calculations. They are intended to deepen the students understanding of the course material. The students are welcome to discuss any problems with the teacher.


beamer presentation, board work, practise sheets, accompanying internet sites, complementary literature


  • Semiconductor Electrochemistry, R. Memming (Wiley-VCH, 2015)
  • Electrochemical Methods, eds.: A.J. Bard and L.R. Faulkner (Wiley, 2001)
  • Interfacial Electrochemistry, eds.: W. Schmickler and E. Santos (Springer, 2010)
  • Physics of energy conversion, K. Krischer and K. Schönleber (De Gruyter, 2015)

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

There will be an oral exam of 30 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions, reflection of simple formulas for the description of elementary relations, and sample calculations for order-of-magnitude estimates.

For example an assignment in the exam might be:

  • Description and explanation of the charge carrier gerneration in semiconductors by sunlight.
  • Naming the various factors determing the efficiency of a photoelectrochemical device.
  • Naming and explaning the most important loss factors of the electrochemical processes in a photoelectrochemical device.

Participation in the exercise classes is strongly recommended since the exercises prepare for the problems of the exam and rehearse the specific competencies.

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

Top of page