de | en

Photochemische Energieumwandlung und künstliche Photosynthese
Photochemical Energy Conversion Artificial Photosynthesis

Modul PH2197

Diese Modulbeschreibung enthält neben den eigentlichen Beschreibungen der Inhalte, Lernergebnisse, Lehr- und Lernmethoden und Prüfungsformen auch Verweise auf die aktuellen Lehrveranstaltungen und Termine für die Modulprüfung in den jeweiligen Abschnitten.

Modulversion vom WS 2017/8 (aktuell)

Von dieser Modulbeschreibung gibt es historische Versionen. Eine Modulbeschreibung ist immer so lange gültig, bis sie von einer neuen abgelöst wird.

verfügbare Modulversionen
WS 2017/8SS 2014

Basisdaten

PH2197 ist ein Semestermodul in Englisch auf Master-Niveau das im Wintersemester angeboten wird.

Das Modul ist Bestandteil der folgenden Kataloge in den Studienangeboten der Physik.

  • Allgemeiner Spezialfachkatalog Physik
  • Spezifischer Spezialfachkatalog Applied and Engineering Physics
  • Spezifischer Spezialfachkatalog Physik der kondensierten Materie

Soweit nicht beim Export in einen fachfremden Studiengang ein anderer studentischer Arbeitsaufwand ("Workload") festgelegt wurde, ist der Umfang der folgenden Tabelle zu entnehmen.

GesamtaufwandPräsenzveranstaltungenUmfang (ECTS)
150 h 60 h 5 CP

Inhaltlich verantwortlich für das Modul PH2197 ist Werner Schindler.

Inhalte, Lernergebnisse und Voraussetzungen

Inhalt

Photochemical Energy Conversion and Artificial Photosynthesis

For the transition to a renewable energy based energy supply, the greatest challenge is the energy storage to compensate for the daily and yearly variability of wind and solar energy. Owing to their high energy density and temporally unlimited storage capacity, fuels, such as hydrogen, methane or liquid hydrocarbons, present the ideal storage medium.
In the lecture we will discuss in-depth state of the art routes to store solar energy directly in form of chemical energy. These routes involve absorption of solar light (mainly by a semiconductor), and accumulation of the minority charge carriers at the semiconductor surface followed by charge transfer of an electron or hole to a chemical species, such as water or carbon dioxide. Artificial pathways to solar fuels will be compared to natural photosynthesis.  The lecture will provide foundations of the various areas being necessary to understand the production of fuels from sunlight: semiconductor physics, semiconductor surfaces, the solid-liquid interface,  electron transfer theories, experimental techniques, state of the art of water splitting and carbon dioxide reduction.

Lernergebnisse

After successful completion of the module the students are familiar with the prospects of photochemical energy conversion for future energy storage technologies. In particular, the students are able to
1.    explain the physical foundations needed for photochemical energy conversion
2.    determine the efficiency of individual energy transfer processes with physical concepts
3.    assess the rank of solar fuels in a future renewable energy scenario
4.    estimate the applicability of different production routes of solar fuels
5.    compare photochemical energy conversion to alternative concepts

Voraussetzungen

Bachelor in Physics or Chemistry

Lehrveranstaltungen, Lern- und Lehrmethoden und Literaturhinweise

Lehrveranstaltungen und Termine

Lern- und Lehrmethoden

Lecture: The teaching an learning content is presented, discussed, and explained in a structured and detailed manner. Basic knowledge of the physical and chemical aspects in this field is imparted, as well as various aspects of technical systems and devices are discussed. Universal methodic and physical concepts are highlighted by cross referencing between different topics. The students are involved in scientific discussions to stimulate their analytic thinking in physical problems. Regular attendance is, hence, highly recommended.

Exercise: The presentation of the learning content is enhanced by examples and calculations. They are intended to deepen the students understanding of the course material. The students are welcome to discuss any problems with the teacher.

Medienformen

beamer presentation, board work, practise sheets, accompanying internet sites, complementary literature

Literatur

  • Semiconductor Electrochemistry, R. Memming (Wiley-VCH, 2015)
  • Electrochemical Methods, eds.: A.J. Bard and L.R. Faulkner (Wiley, 2001)
  • Interfacial Electrochemistry, eds.: W. Schmickler and E. Santos (Springer, 2010)
  • Physics of energy conversion, K. Krischer and K. Schönleber (De Gruyter, 2015)

Modulprüfung

Beschreibung der Prüfungs- und Studienleistungen

There will be an oral exam of about 30 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions, reflection of simple formulas for the description of elementary relations, and sample calculations for order-of-magnitude estimates.

For example an assignment in the exam might be:

  • Description and explanation of the charge carrier gerneration in semiconductors by sunlight.
  • Naming the various factors determing the efficiency of a photoelectrochemical device.
  • Naming and explaning the most important loss factors of the electrochemical processes in a photoelectrochemical device.

Participation in the tutorials is strongly recommended since the exercises prepare for the problems of the exam and rehearse the specific competencies.

Wiederholbarkeit

Eine Wiederholungsmöglichkeit wird am Semesterende angeboten.

Nach oben