Modern X-Ray Physics
Module version of SS 2018
There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.
Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.
|available module versions|
|WS 2020/1||SS 2020||WS 2019/20||SS 2019||WS 2018/9||SS 2018||WS 2017/8||SS 2017||WS 2013/4|
PH2182 is a semester module in English or German language at Master’s level which is offered every semester.
This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.
- Specific catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
- Specific catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
- Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
- Focus Area Imaging in M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics
- Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.
|Total workload||Contact hours||Credits (ECTS)|
|150 h||60 h||5 CP|
Responsible coordinator of the module PH2182 in the version of SS 2018 was Klaus Achterhold.
Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions
The lecture covers the basic concepts of Modern X-ray Physics with synchrotron radiation but also with modern laboratory based X-ray sources e.g. a compact-synchrotron. The focus is on imaging applications.
The Basics: X-ray sources and instrumentation
Generation of X-rays with X-ray tubes, synchrotron and the compact synchrotron MuCLS
Electron accelerator and storage ring at MuCLS; picosecond laser and laser cavity at MuCLS
X-ray interaction with matter; X-ray spectroscopy; X-ray optics and beamlines
Applications: X-ray imaging
Absorption-based imaging and computed tomography
X-rays as waves; propagation and coherence; near and far field
X-ray phase-contrast imaging
X-ray microscopy; imaging with coherent diffractive imaging and ptychography.
After successful completion of the lecture, the students will understand how X-rays interact with matter. They will know how absorption, phase and dark field contrast is created and what different ways there are to measure these modalities. The students will be able to estimate the requirements for an X-ray source in terms of source size, coherence and energy resolution in order to carry out an experiment successfully. They will also be able to decide whether a detector has the required efficiency, spatial resolution, readout speed and signal-to-noise ratio. The students will be able to analyze and interpret data ranging from spectroscopic methods to the newest imaging modalities.
Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature
Courses and Schedule
|VO||2||Modern X-Ray Physics||
Assistants: Dierolf, M.
Tue, 10:00–12:00, virtuell
|UE||2||Exercises to Modern X-Ray Physics||
Responsible/Coordination: Achterhold, K.
Learning and Teaching Methods
The contents of the lecture is divided into, on the one hand, basics and advanced aspects of radiation physics and, on the other hand, the technical aspects of the generation and detection of radiation. In particular the cross-connections between these two areas is addressed. Active participation of the students in the form of questions and comments is greatly appreciated. The area is fostered by exercises which include calculations as well as the "virtual" construction of a beamline under cost-benefit aspects. In an accompanying seminar, students can choose one out of about 20 publications on the physical aspects of radiation physics and one of about 20 publications on the technical aspects of radiation physics, familiarize themselves with the topic and present it to their fellow students in two talks.
The content of the lectures is presented as PowerPoint slides. Additions are written either directly into the slides or onto the blackboard. A pdf-version of the content without additions is available on Moodle shortly before the beginning of each lecture.
An introduction to Synchrotron Radiation, Wiley, 2011
Jens Als-Nielsen & Des McMorrow
Elements of Modern X-ray Physics (2nd ed.), Wiley, 2011
Soft X-rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation, Cambridge University Press, 1999
Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Synchrotronstrahlungsquellen, Teubner Studienbuecher, 1996