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Modern X-Ray Physics

Module PH2182

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2017/8

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
WS 2022/3SS 2022WS 2021/2SS 2021WS 2020/1SS 2020WS 2019/20SS 2019WS 2018/9SS 2018WS 2017/8SS 2017WS 2013/4

Basic Information

PH2182 is a semester module in English or German language at Master’s level which is offered every semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
  • Focus Area Imaging in M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 40 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2182 in the version of WS 2017/8 was Klaus Achterhold.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


This course introduces basic concepts of Modern X-ray Physics using synchrotron radiation but also modern laboratory based X-ray sources.

The focus is on imaging applications.


The Basics: X-ray sources and instrumentation

    X-ray generation

    X-ray interaction with matter
    X-ray Spectroscopy
    X-ray optics and beamlines

    X-ray detectors

Applications: Imaging with X-rays

    absorption-based imaging and computed tomography

    X-rays as waves: propagation and coherence

    X-ray phase-contrast imaging

    X-ray microscopy and coherent diffractive imaging.

Learning Outcome

Upon successful completion of the module the students understand the diversity of X-ray interactions with matter. They will be able to judge if a beamline from X-ray source, through optics to detector will allow a successful experiment for a special scientific problem. The students will be able to analyze and interpret the data ranging from spectroscopy to the newest imaging modalities.


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Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

Learning and Teaching Methods

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Philip Willmott
An introduction to Synchrotron Radiation, Wiley, 2011

Jens Als-Nielsen & Des McMorrow
Elements of Modern X-ray Physics (2nd ed.), Wiley, 2011

David Attwood,
Soft X-rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation, Cambridge University Press, 1999

Klaus Wille,
Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Synchrotronstrahlungsquellen, Teubner Studienbuecher, 1996

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

In an oral exam the learning outcome is tested using comprehension questions and sample problems.

In accordance with §12 (8) APSO the exam can be done as a written test. In this case the time duration is 60 minutes.

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

Current exam dates

Currently TUMonline lists the following exam dates. In addition to the general information above please refer to the current information given during the course.

Exam to Modern X-Ray Physics
Thu, 2024-02-15, 10:00 till 11:30 Anmeldung für Prüfungstermin vor 23.03.2024. // Registration for exam date before 2024-Mar-23. till 2024-01-15 (cancelation of registration till 2024-02-08)
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