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Magnetic and Electronic Measurement Techniques

Module PH2107

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of SS 2022 (current)

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
SS 2022SS 2021SS 2020SS 2019SS 2018SS 2011

Basic Information

PH2107 is a semester module in German or English language at Master’s level which is offered in summer semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Biophysics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 60 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2107 is Christian Pfleiderer.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


In this module an introcuction into the physics and technology of modern magnetic and electronic measurement techniques is given. Following a repetition of some basics, the generation of magnetic fields in the laboratory is discussed. In the main part of the lecture, different measurement techniques are introduced in context with relevant scientific questions. These questions address the experimental determination of, e.g., Fermi surfaces using torque magnetometry, the specific heat of bulk samples, domain structures in magnetic recording media using Magnetic Force Microscopy, magnetization dynamics using the magneto-optical Kerr effect or the arrangement of atomic magnetic moments on solid-state surfaces detected by spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. The underlying physical principles and the technological realizations of the measurement methods are highlighted. The physics of the phenonema under investigation as well as the physics of the relevant measurement technique are discussed with a focus on the basic physical aspects in this area of experimental physics. Current scientific developments in these topical area are considered in this module.

Learning Outcome

After successful participation in this module the student is able to:

  1. understand and explain different concepts of magnetic systems and the effects of magnetic fields on different solid-state systems;
  2. understand and explain the physical aspects of specific laboratory measurement techniques, in particular the interaction between measurement object and sensor;
  3. describe and explain the technical implementation of different measurement techniques;
  4. judge the spatial and temporal resolution capability of measurement techniques.;
  5. select and to sketch experimental setups relevant for the investigation of physical questions in magnetism and electronic structure;
  6. name the different time- and length scales relevant to magnetic and electronic phenomena.


No preconditions in addition to the requirements for the Master’s program in Physics.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

Learning and Teaching Methods

The module consists of a lecture series and lab tours. The lectures are beamer presentations using PowerPoint-slides for visualization and detailed hand written text using digital ink. This mixture is intended to give a fast overview over facts and experiments on the one hand and the adaptation of the lecture speed to the speed of the students. Selected short „home work“ exercises with direct and deepening context will be discussed during the following lecture. The time frame of the lecture allows for dynamic interaction and detailed answers to questions. The resulting scientific discussions actively engage the students.

The lectures are complemented by lab tours. The lab tours will take place by arrangement oriented on the lab work. The predominant part of the measurement techniques discussed are used in the research conducted at the physics department such that we have access to a broad spectrum. The focus of each individual lab tour is oriented on the current status of the experimental facility. For example, an experiment under reconstruction often allows access to the technological implementation while a visit to an important running experiment would focus more on the magnetic systems under investigation.

The interplay of presentation slides für overview and details, hand written text for solid foundations and lab tours for direct relation to practice enables the students to acquire the above formulated competences with regard to the physics and technology of magnetic measurement techniques.


lecture script with slides and hand-written text, accompanying internet site, complementary literature


  1. Kronmüller H., Parkin S.S.P. (Eds.): Handbook of Magnetism and Advanced Magnetic Materials, Vols. 1-5 (Wiley, Chichester, 2007)
  2. Getzlaff, Matthias: Fundamentals of Magnetism (Springer Verlag, 2008)
  3. Zhu, Yimei: Modern techniques for characterizing magnetic materials (Springer New York, 2005)
  4. Ashcroft, Mermin: Solid State Physics (Saunders, 1988)

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

There will be an oral exam of 25 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions and sample calculations.

For example an assignment in the exam might be:

  • Name different magnet designs and discuss their merits and limitations
  • Discuss the physical mechanisms underlying the concept of magnetic force microscopy
  • Rank the spatial and temporal resolution of the magnetic measurement techniques discussed in the lecture
  • Outline the specific technical implementation of a magnetic measurement technique discussed in the lecture

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester. There is a possibility to take the exam in the following semester.

Current exam dates

Currently TUMonline lists the following exam dates. In addition to the general information above please refer to the current information given during the course.

Exam in Magnetic and Electronic Measurement Techniques
Mon, 2024-02-05 till 23:55 Dummy-Termin. Lehrveranstaltungen zu diesem Modul waren im SS 2023. Wenden Sie sich zur individuellen Terminvereinbarung an die/den Prüfer(in). Anmeldung für Prüfungstermin vor 23.03.2024. // Dummy date. Courses to this module were in SS 2023. Contact examiner for individual appointment. Registration for exam date before 2024-Mar-23. till 2024-01-15 (cancelation of registration till 2024-02-04)
Mon, 2024-03-25 till 23:55 Dummy-Termin. Lehrveranstaltungen zu diesem Modul waren im SS 2023. Wenden Sie sich zur individuellen Terminvereinbarung an die/den Prüfer(in). Anmeldung für Prüfungstermin zwischen 25.03.2024 und 20.04.2024. // Dummy date. Courses to this module were in SS 2023. Contact examiner for individual appointment. Registration for exam date between 2024-Mar-25 and 2024-Apr-20. till 2024-03-24
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