Reactor Physics 1 and Applications of Nuclear Technology
Module version of WS 2022/3 (current)
There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.
Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.
|available module versions|
|WS 2022/3||WS 2021/2||WS 2020/1||WS 2019/20||WS 2018/9||WS 2017/8||WS 2016/7||WS 2010/1|
PH2050 is a semester module in English or German language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.
This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.
- Specific catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
- Specific catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
- Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
- Complementary catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.
|Total workload||Contact hours||Credits (ECTS)|
|150 h||60 h||5 CP|
Responsible coordinator of the module PH2050 is Bastian Märkisch.
Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions
- Nuclear structure and fission
- Cross sections
- Neutron flux, reaction rate, mean free path
- Resonant scattering and Breit-Wigner formula
- Multiplikation of neutrons
- Thermal neutron cycle
- Four factor formula (Fermi)
- Kinetics of chain reaction
- Neutron moderation
- Thermal, epithermal and fast neutron spectra
- Reactor control and dynamics
- Point-kinetic equations
- The Forschungsneutronenquelle FRM II
- Applications of nuclear technology
After successful participation in the Module the student is able to:
- Understand and explain nuclear structure and fission
- Explain and calculate the energy release with fission
- Recall strong and weak types of fuel
- Recall and explain different types of cross sections
- Understand and explain neutron multiplication
- Understand and explain neutron moderation
- Understand and explain reactivity control
- Recall and explain the basic features of the Forschungsneutronenquelle FRM II
No preconditions in addition to the requirements for the Master’s program in Physics.
Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature
Courses and Schedule
|VO||2||Reactor physics 1 and applications of nuclear technology||
Assistants: Reiter, C.
Fri, 08:30–10:00, PH HS3
|UE||2||Exercise to Reactor Physics 1 and Applications of Nuclear Technology||
Responsible/Coordination: Märkisch, B.
|dates in groups||
Learning and Teaching Methods
This module consists of a lecture (2SWS) and an accompanying exercise (2SWS). The learning outcomes of the module will be achieved via frontal lecure, written and verbal lecturing and powerpoint presentations. With cross references between different topics the universal concepts in physics are shown. The lecture will be complemented by a weekly exercise class, where students will solve problems in groupwork (~6-8 students) under the supervision of a tutor (PhD / scientific assistant) from the faculty. Records of the lecture as well as of the exercises will be made available to the students on Moodle. In addition, a visit of a commercial nuclear power plant is planned.
- D. Emendörfer, K. H. Höcker: Theorie der Kernreaktoren (B I Wissenschaftsverlag 1982)
- K. H. Beckurts, K. Wirtz: Neutron Physics (Springer Verlag 1964)
- A. Ziegler: Lehrbuch der Reaktortechnik (Springer Verlag 1964)
- S. Glasstone and M. C. Edlund: Kernreaktortheorie (Springer Verlag 1961)
- W. M. Stacey, Nuclear Reactor Physics, Wiley-VCH (2004)
Description of exams and course work
There will be an oral exam of 30 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions, discussions based on sketches and basic formulas.
For example an assignment in the exam might be:
- Explain the structure and the stability of nuclei.
- Explain the difference between strong and weak fission materials.
- Explain the process of neutron moderation.
- Discuss the spectrum of neutrons in a moderator.
- Explain, how the power of a reactor can be regulated.
Participation in the exercise classes is strongly recommended since the exercises prepare for the problems of the exam and rehearse the specific competencies.
Remarks on associated module exams
The exam for this module can be taken together with the exam to the associated follow-up module PH2051: Reactor Physics 2 and new Concepts in Nuclear Technology / Reaktorphysik 2 und neue Konzepte in der Kerntechnik after the follwoing semester. In this case you need to register for both exams in the following semester.
The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester. There is a possibility to take the exam in the following semester.