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General Relativity and Cosmology

Module PH2043

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2017/8

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.

available module versions
WS 2021/2WS 2020/1WS 2019/20WS 2018/9WS 2017/8SS 2011

Basic Information

PH2043 is a semester module in English or German language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
  • Specialization Modules in Elite-Master Program Theoretical and Mathematical Physics (TMP)

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
300 h 90 h 10 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2043 in the version of WS 2017/8 was Björn Garbrecht.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


  1. Introduction to differential geometry.
  2. The equivalence principle. Gravitation. The Einstein’s equation. Newtonian limit.
  3. The Schwartzschild Metric. Black holes.
  4. The weak field approximation. Gravitational waves.
  5. Cosmology: Homogeneity and isotropy, Robertson-Walker metric.
  6. Friedmann Equation. Hubble parameter. The expanding Universe.

Learning Outcome

After participation in the Module the student is able to:

  1. Understand the origin of gravity as the effect of the curvature of spacetime.
  2. Describe the classical experimental tests of general relativity: the deflection of light, the precession of perihelia and gravitational redshift.
  3. Understand the basic physics of black holes.
  4. Understand the basic properties of gravitational waves.
  5. Describe the different stages of the expanding Universe and derive the Hubble’s law.


No prior knowledge necessary, beyond the admission requirements for the master's degree.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VO 4 General Relativity and Cosmology Beneke, M. Wed, 10:00–12:00, PH HS2
Mon, 08:00–10:00, PH HS2
and singular or moved dates
UE 2 Exercise to General Relativity and Cosmology König, M.
Responsible/Coordination: Beneke, M.
dates in groups

Learning and Teaching Methods

Lecture, beamer presentation, board work, exercises in individual and group work


practise sheets


  • Spacetime and Geometry, S.Carroll
  • Cosmology, S. Weinberg.
  • The Early Universe, E. Kolb, S. Turner

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

There will be a written exam of 90 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using calculation problems and comprehension questions.

For example an assignment in the exam might be:

  • Calculate the motion of a test particle in curved space-time
  • Derive some of the most important known solutions to the Einstein field equations
  • Compute the emission of gravitational waves of a given source

Participation in the exercise classes is strongly recommended since the exercises prepare for the problems of the exam and rehearse the specific competencies.

There will be a bonus (one intermediate stepping of "0,3" to the better grade) on passed module exams (4,3 is not upgraded to 4,0). The bonus is applicable to the exam period directly following the lecture period (not to the exam repetition) and subject to the condition that the student passes the mid-term of 60% of the points that can be scored in the homework problems

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

Current exam dates

Currently TUMonline lists the following exam dates. In addition to the general information above please refer to the current information given during the course.

Exam to General Relativity and Cosmology
Fri, 2022-02-25, 11:30 till 14:30 Interims II: 003
Bitte beachten Sie die Hinweise unter // Please read the information at carefully. till 2022-01-15 (cancelation of registration till 2022-02-18)
Fri, 2022-04-22, 11:30 till 14:30 PH: 2502
Bitte beachten Sie die Hinweise unter // Please read the information at carefully. till 2022-04-03 (cancelation of registration till 2022-04-15)
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