de | en

Biomedical Physics 2

Module PH2002

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of SS 2019 (current)

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

available module versions
SS 2019SS 2018SS 2017SS 2011

Basic Information

PH2002 is a semester module in German or English language at Master’s level which is offered in summer semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
  • Mandatory Modules in M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 30 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2002 is Franz Pfeiffer.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


This module teaches the physical basics of biomedical applications in clinics and research. These applications include radiation therapy, laser applications and microscopy. Specifically, the following main topics are covered in these applications: Radiobiology, accelerator sources for radiation therapy, radiation planning, proton therapy, laser applications, light microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, electron microscopy, X-ray microscopy.

Learning Outcome

After successful participation in this module the student is able to:

  • describe the physical principles of radiotherapy techniques (x-ray, gamma, neutron, etc.)
  • name laser applications in medicine and understand the underlying laser tissue interactions
  • explain various methods used in microscopy (light, x-ray, electron, fluorescence) and compare their advantages and disadvantages


No preconditions in addition to the requirements for the Master’s program in Physics.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VO 2 Biomedical Physics 2 Mon, 10:00–12:00, PH HS3

Learning and Teaching Methods

The module consists of a lecture in which the theoretical basics and their experimental implementation will be explained and made understandable by descriptive examples from clinical applications. Multimedia materials will be used to explain the different techniques. Great importance is attached to stimulating interactive discussion with the students and among the students about the current topics. The lecture notes contain hyperlinks to the original papers, which are intended to promote the entry into independent literature research. The students are instructed to deepen the topics explained in the lecture independently by such research.


  • PowerPoint presentation with integrated animation and instructional videos
  • interactive discussions with blackboard
  • printed HandOuts and PDFs with hyperlinks
  • excursion


  • H. Zabel: Medical Physics 1 & 2, De Gruyter, (2017)
  • A. Oppelt: Imaging Systems for Medical Diagnostics, Publicis, (2005)
  • W. Schlegel & J. Bille: Medizinische Physik, Bd. 2, Springer, (2002)
  • J. Als-Nielsen & D. MacMorrow: Elements of Modern X-Ray Physics, John Wiley & Sons, (2000)
  • W. Kalender: Computertomographie: Grundlagen, Gerätetechnologie, Bildqualität, Anwendungen, Publicis, (2006)

      Module Exam

      Description of exams and course work

      There will be an oral exam of 25 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions, discussions based on sketches and simple formulas.

      For example an assignment in the exam might be:

      • How is a linear accelerator for radiation therapy constructed and how does it work?
      • How are proton beams generated for radiation therapy?
      • How and why do the depth dose curves for irradiation with photons and ions differ?
      • Explain the motivation for dose fractionation using cell survival curves.
      • How does a light microscope / phase contrast microscope / laser scanning confocal microscope / STED microscope work?

      Exam Repetition

      The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

      Current exam dates

      Currently TUMonline lists the following exam dates. In addition to the general information above please refer to the current information given during the course.

      Prüfung zu Biomedizinische Physik 2
      Mo, 22.7.2019 Dummy-Termin. Wenden Sie sich zur individuellen Terminvereinbarung an die/den Prüfer(in). Anmeldung für Prüfungstermin vor So, 22.09.2019. // Dummy date. Contact examiner for individual appointment. Registration for exam date before Sun, 2019-09-22. bis 30.6.2019 (Abmeldung bis 21.7.2019)
      Di, 24.9.2019 Dummy-Termin. Wenden Sie sich zur individuellen Terminvereinbarung an die/den Prüfer(in). Anmeldung für Prüfungstermin von Mo, 23.09.2019 bis Sa, 19.10.2019. // Dummy date. Contact examiner for individual appointment. Registration for exam date from Mon, 23.09.2019 till Sat, 19.10.2019. bis 23.9.2019
      Top of page