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Biomedical Physics 1

Module PH2001

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2018/9 (current)

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

available module versions
WS 2018/9WS 2017/8WS 2010/1

Basic Information

PH2001 is a semester module in German or English language at Master’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Biophysics
  • Specific catalogue of special courses for Applied and Engineering Physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for condensed matter physics
  • Complementary catalogue of special courses for nuclear, particle, and astrophysics
  • Mandatory Modules in M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
150 h 30 h 5 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH2001 is Franz Pfeiffer.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions

Content

This module teaches the physical basics of biomedical applications in clinics and research. These applications include medical imaging. Specifically, the following main topics are covered in these applications: Interaction, generation and detection of X-rays, radiography, X-ray computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medical imaging (incl. PET / SPECT), and ultrasound.

Learning Outcome

After successful participation in this module the student is able to

  1. describe the physical principles of various imaging modalities and to explain the respective process of image aquisition.
  2. name and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of various imaging techniques (CT, MRT, PET/SPECT, ultrasound).

Preconditions

No preconditions in addition to the requirements for the Master’s program in Physics.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

Learning and Teaching Methods

This module consists of a lecture in which the theoretical basics and their experimental implementation will be explained and made understandable by descriptive examples from clinical applications. Multimedia materials will be used to explain the different techniques. Great importance is attached to stimulating interactive discussion with the students and among the students about the current topics. The lecture notes contain hyperlinks to the original papers, which are intended to promote the entry into independent literature research. The students are instructed to deepen the topics explained in the lecture independently by such research.

Media

  • PowerPoint presentation with integrated animation and instructional videos
  • Interactive discussions with blackboard
  • Printed HandOuts and PDFs with hyperlinks
  • Excursion

Literature

  • H. Zabel: Medical Physics 1 & 2, De Gruyter, (2017)
  • A. Oppelt: Imaging Systems for Medical Diagnostics, Publicis, (2006)
  • W. Schlegel, J. Bille: Medizinische Physik, Bd. 2, Springer, (2002)
  • J. Als-Nielsen, D. MacMorrow: Elements of Modern X-Ray Physics, Wiley, (2011)
  • W. Kalender: Computertomographie: Grundlagen, Gerätetechnologie, Bildqualität, Anwendungen, Publicis, (2006) 

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

There will be an oral exam of about 25 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using comprehension questions, discussions based on sketches and simple formulas.

For example an assignment in the exam might be:

  • Sketch the experimental setup of an X-ray computer tomograph.
  • Using a suitable sketch, explain the basic mathematical principles of CT reconstruction using filtered rear projection.
  • Describe the basic function of a magnetic resonance tomograph.
  • How is location information coded in MRI?
  • What does SPECT mean and how is a corresponding device constructed?

Remarks on associated module exams

The exam for this module can be taken together with the exam to the associated follow-up module PH2002: Biomedizinische Physik 2 / Biomedical Physics 2 after the follwoing semester. In this case you need to register for both exams in the following semester.

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester. There is a possibility to take the exam in the following semester.

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