Introduction to Condensed Matter Physics
Module PH0019 [KM Intro]
Module version of WS 2017/8
There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.
Whether the module’s courses are offered during a specific semester is listed in the section Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature below.
|available module versions|
|WS 2022/3||WS 2021/2||WS 2020/1||WS 2019/20||WS 2018/9||WS 2017/8||WS 2016/7||WS 2010/1|
PH0019 is a semester module in German language at Bachelor’s level which is offered in winter semester.
This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.
- Mandatory Modules in Bachelor Programme Physics (5th Semester, Specialization AEP)
- Mandatory Modules in Bachelor Programme Physics (5th Semester, Specialization BIO)
- Mandatory Modules in Bachelor Programme Physics (5th Semester, Specialization KTA)
If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.
|Total workload||Contact hours||Credits (ECTS)|
|240 h||90 h||8 CP|
Responsible coordinator of the module PH0019 in the version of WS 2017/8 was Christian Pfleiderer.
Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions
Bonding types and forces
- periodic table
- covalent and metallic bonding
- ionic and van der Waals bonding
- hydrogen and other supramolecular bonding types
Structures and determination methods
- amorphous and crystalline structures - fundamental terms and definitions
- examples for crystal structures in real space
- reciprocal lattice and diffraction
- classical theory of lattice dynamics
- quantisation of lattice vibrations
- density of states in phonon spectra
theory of elasticity in the continuum
- specific heat
- anharmonic effects: thermal expansion
- heat conductivity
- thermoelectric effects
Electrons in solids
- model of free electron gas
- Bloch electrons and energy bands
- density of states in metals and isolaters
- brillouin zones and fermi surfaces
Transport of charge carriers
- semiclassical model of dynamics of electrons
- motion of electron in periodic lattice
- boltzmann transport equation
- intrinsic and doped semiconductors
- inhomogeneous semiconductors
- important semiconductor devices
- basic phenomena
- microscopic description
- unconventional superconductors
- dia- and paramagnetism
- ferromagnetic materials
- ferro- and antiferromagnetism
- macroscopic and microscopic description
- types of polarization
- dielectric properties of metals and semiconductors
- interfaces, nanostructures and low dimensional systems
- organic materials, metal-organic lattices and soft-matter
After the successful participation at the module the student is able to:
- know the different bonding types in condensed matter physics and allocate them to given condensed matter
- reproduce the physics fundamentals of structure analysis and the corresponding experiments
- comprehend the fundamentals of lattice dynamics and their importance for solid matter properties (especially thermal properties)
- understand the behaviour of electrons in crystalline structures and apply this knowledge to the transport of charge carriers
- know and explain fundamental properties of semiconductors, superconductors and magnetic material
- reproduce the most important dielectric properties of solids
PH0001, PH0002, PH0003, PH0004, PH0005, PH0006, PH0007
Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature
Courses and Schedule
|VO||2||Introduction to Condensed Matter Physics||Mühlbauer, S.||
Thu, 08:30–10:00, PH HS2
|VO||4||Condensed Matter Physics 1||Pfleiderer, C.||
Tue, 12:00–14:00, PH HS2
Thu, 10:00–12:00, PH HS2
|UE||2||Exercise to Introduction to Condensed Matter Physics||
Responsible/Coordination: Mühlbauer, S.
|dates in groups||
|UE||2||Exercise to Condensed Matter Physics 1||
Responsible/Coordination: Pfleiderer, C.
|dates in groups||
|RE||2||Quenstions and Answers to Introduction to Condensed Matter Physics||
Responsible/Coordination: Mühlbauer, S.
Mon, 16:00–18:00, virtuell
Learning and Teaching Methods
lecture: teacher centered learning
tutorial: discussion and solution of exercise problems, discussions and supplementary explanations to the subject matter of the lecture.
blackboard and powerpoint presentation
accompanying information online
- Siegfried Hunklinger: Festkörperphysik, Oldenbourg Verlag München
- Kittel: Einführung in die Festkörperphysik, Oldenbourg Verlag
- Ashcroft, Mermin: Festkörperphysik, Oldenbourg
- Kopitzki, Herzog: Einführung in die Festkörperphysik, Vieweg+Teubner
- Ibach, Lüth: Festkörperphysik. Einführung in die Grundlagen, Springer-Verlag
Description of exams and course work
There will be a written exam of 90 minutes duration. Therein the achievement of the competencies given in section learning outcome is tested exemplarily at least to the given cognition level using calculation problems and comprehension questions.
For example an assignment in the exam might be:
- Calculation and discussion of the binding energy of a simple crystal
- Calculation and discussion of the reciprocal lattice and the structure factor of a simple crystal
- Calculation and discussion of the phononic heat capacity of a simple crystal
- Calculation and discussion of the electronic states in a simple crystal
- Calculation and discussion of the charge carrier density and Fermi energy in a simple semiconductor
Participation in the exercise classes is strongly recommended since the exercises prepare for the problems of the exam and rehearse the specific competencies.
There will be a bonus (one intermediate stepping of "0,3" to the better grade) on passed module exams (4,3 is not upgraded to 4,0). The bonus is applicable to the exam period directly following the lecture period (not to the exam repetition) and subject to the condition that the student passes the mid-term of
- passing the voluntary test exam during the semester
- presenting a solution in the exercise groups at least once
The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.