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Condensed Matter Physics 2

Module PH0018 [KM Expert 2]

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of SS 2017

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

available module versions
SS 2018SS 2017SS 2011

Basic Information

PH0018 is a semester module in German language at Bachelor’s level which is offered in summer semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Mandatory Modules in Bachelor Programme Physics (6th Semester, Specialization KM)

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
270 h 90 h 9 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH0018 in the version of SS 2017 was Rudolf Gross.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions



Fermi surfaces of real metals
quantum oscillations


basic properties
inhomogeneous semiconductors and related devices
low-dimensional electron systems
quantum Hall effects

Dielectric solids

macroscopic electrodynamics vs microscopic theory

electronic, ionic polarisation and dipole orientation 
dielectric properties of metals and semiconductors
electron-electron inteacion and screening in metals
phase transitions and ferroelecricity


atomic dia- and paramagnetism
para- and diamagnetism of metals
exchange interaction and magnetic order
magnetic excitations


basic properties
phenomenological description: London- and Ginzburg-Landau theory
thermodynamic properties
microscopic theory in a nutshell

Surface and interface physics

electronic properties
surface analysis
functionalized interfaces

Learning Outcome

The lecture and exercise group allow the students to:

- apply basic concepts from Condensed Matter Physics, to explain physical properties related to the condensed state of matter by considering the crystalline nature. In particular, properties of metals, semiconductors, insulators and superconductors are addressed as well as electric, magnetic and optical properties of the different kinds of materials;

- know the impact of pioneers in the field of condensed matter physics for the most relevant inventions and discoveries;

- sketch important experimental techniques;

- explain physical properties by considering classical theories, quantum theory and thermodynamics;

- apply expert knowledge to daily life situations concerned with condensed matter physics, lab excercises, internships and future experiments;
- explain relevant device and device concepts, applications in electronics, optoeletronics as well as sensors.


The lecture considers basic knowledge in Experimental Physics, Electromagnetism, Electrodynamics, Thermodynamics, Quantum Mechanics and Physics of Condensed Matter 1.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VO 4 Condensed Matter Physics 2 Gross, R. Mon, 10:00–11:30, PH HS2
Tue, 12:00–14:00, PH HS2
Mon, 12:15–14:00, PH HS2
Tue, 08:30–10:00, PH HS2
UE 2 Exercise to Condensed Matter Physics 2
Responsible/Coordination: Gross, R.
dates in groups
UE 1 Tutorial to Condensed Matter Physics 2 Gross, R. Wed, 10:00–12:00, PH HS2

Learning and Teaching Methods

The expert module Physics of Condensed Matter 2 is given in the first part of the term based on 8 SWS of lecture, 2 SWS of tutorials, 2 SWS of exercises. The tutorials is used to address general questions of students and present research topics of current interest.


Hand written notes on the tablet PC, sketches of experimental setups, presentation of relevant data using powerpoint, handouts of relevant slides. A pdf version of the lecture content will be provided via the internet for download. At the same time, there will be exercises for download and discussion in exercise groups. 


R. Gross, A. Marx, (in German) "Festkörperphysik", Oldenbourg-Verlag.
N.W. Ashcroft, N.D Mermin, "Solid State Physics", Holt-Saunders International Editions.
C. Kittel, "Introduction to Solid State Physics", Wiley. 
Ch. Weißmantel, C. Hamann, "Grundlagen der Festkörperphysik", Wiley-VCH.
H. Ibach, H. Lüth, "Festkörperphysik: Einführung in die Grundlagen", Springer. 
W. Buckel, R. Kleiner, "Supraleitung: Grundlagen und Anwendungen", Wiley-VCH.
J.R. Hook and H.E. Hall, "Solid State Physics", Wiley & Sons, 2nd Edition.

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

The learning outcome is tested in an oral exam. Participation in tutorials is strongly recommended.

Exam Repetition

The exam may be repeated at the end of the semester.

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