Experimental Physics 3

Module PH0003 [ExPh 3]

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Basic Information

PH0003 is a semester module in German language at Bachelor’s level which is offered in winter semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Mandatory Modules in Bachelor Programme Physics (3rd Semester)
  • Physics Modules for Students of Education

If not stated otherwise for export to a non-physics program the student workload is given in the following table.

Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
240 h 90 h 8 CP

Responsible coordinator of the module PH0003 is Stefan Schönert.

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


1. Electromagnetic waves

1.1 Fourier transformation

1.2 Phase and group velocity

1.3 The dispersion of light

2. Electromagnetic waves at the boundary conditions

2.1 Huygens&39; principle

2.2 Transmission and reflection

2.3 Reflection of absorbing media

2.4 Diffusion of light

3. Geometrical optics

3.1 Fermat&39;s principle

3.2 The prism

3.3 The optical image

3.3.1 Spherical mirrors

3.3.2 Refracting spherical surfaces

3.3.3 Thin lenses

3.3.4 Thick lenses

3.3.5 Optical instruments (the eye, camera, microscope, telescope)

3.3.6 Optical aberrations

4. Wave properties of light

4.1 Fresnel-Kirchhoff Diffraction

4.1.1 Single-slit diffraction

4.1.2 Double-slit diffraction and interference

4.1.3 Diffraction and interference on gratings

4.1.4 Diffraction in crystals

4.2 Coherence

4.2.1 Interferometry

4.2.2 Thin-film interference

4.2.3 Anti-reflections coatings

4.3.4 The Fabry-Perot interferometer

4.3 Resolution of optical instruments

4.4 Abbé&39;s theory of image formation - Fourier optics

4.5. Holograms

4.6 Polarisation

4.6.1 Linear polarisation

4.6.2 Circular polarisation

4.6.3 Double diffraction

4.7 Introduction to non-linear optics

5. Quantum pheonomena

5.1 The photoelectric effect

5.2 The Compton effect

5.3 Bremsstrahlung

5.4 X-rays

5.5 Pair production

5.6 Angular momentum of photons

5.7 Radiation laws

5.7.1 Black-body radiation

5.7.2 Cosmic background radiation

5.8 Lasers

5.9 Matter waves

5.9.1 Wave packets

5.9.1 Probability interpretation

Learning Outcome

After successful completion of the module the students will be able to apply the laws of geometrical optics as well as to understand the functionality and limitations of simple optical instruments. Furthermore the students are able to understand the phenomena of diffraction and interference and will have got to know the resulting applications of complex instruments and methods, for example in holography. The students are able to describe the transition from classical physics to quantum physics and use these concepts to solve problems.


PH0001, PH0002, MA9201, MA9202, MA9203

for students studying bachelor of science education mathematics / physics: PH0001, PH0002, MA1003, MA1004, MA1103, MA1104

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

VU 6 Experimentalphysik 3 Schönert, S.
Mitwirkende: Kressierer, J.Rohr, C.
Montag, 08:00–10:00
Donnerstag, 12:00–14:00
sowie Termine in Gruppen
VO 2 Experimentalphysik 3 in englischer Sprache Finley, J. Mittwoch, 12:00–14:00
UE 2 Offenes Tutorium zu Experimentalphysik 3 Höffer von Loewenfeld, P. Rohr, C.
Leitung/Koordination: Schönert, S.
Mittwoch, 10:00–12:00

Learning and Teaching Methods

Lecture: Teaching with experiments as demonstration

Problem class: Teaching with exercises

Tutorials: Solving of problem questions, discussion and explanations concerning the material covered in the lectures


Presentation on the blackboard as well as slides

Experiments are used for demonstration purposes (descriptions available for download)

Videos (partly available for download)

Script available for download

Weekly problems with solutions available for download


W. Zinth, H.J. Körner; Experimentalphysik III, Oldenbourg-Verlag
W. Demtröder: Experimentalphysik 2 & 3, Springer-Verlag, 3. Auflage
E. Hecht, A. Zajac; Optics, Addison-Wesley Verlag
H. Haken, H.C. Wolf: Atom- und Quantenphysik, Springer Verlag, 8. Auflage

Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

The learning outcome is tested in a written exam. Participation in tutorials is strongly recommended.

There will be a bonus (one intermediate stepping of "0,3" to the better grade) on passed module exams (4,3 is not upgraded to 4,0). The bonus is applicable to the exam period directly following the lecture period (not to the exam repetition) and subject to the condition that the student actively participated in the tutorials and passed the midterm exam.

Exam Repetition

There is a possibility to take the exam at the end of the semester.

Current exam dates

Currently TUMonline lists the following exam dates. In addition to the general information above please refer to the current information given during the course.

Prüfung zu Experimentalphysik 3
Mo, 20.2.2017, 8:00 bis 9:30 102
CH: 21010
bis 15.1.2017 (Abmeldung bis 13.2.2017)
Mi, 12.4.2017, 8:00 bis 9:30 00.02.001
MI: 00.02.001
bis 3.4.2017 (Abmeldung bis 5.4.2017)

Condensed Matter

When atoms interact things can get interesting. Fundamental research on the underlying properties of materials and nanostructures and exploration of the potential they provide for applications.

Nuclei, Particles, Astrophysics

A journey of discovery to understanding our world at the subatomic scale, from the nuclei inside atoms down to the most elementary building blocks of matter. Are you ready for the adventure?


Biological systems, from proteins to living cells and organisms, obey physical principles. Our research groups in biophysics shape one of Germany's largest scientific clusters in this area.