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Design Principles in Biomatter - Nature as an Engineer

Module MW1828

This Module is offered by Associate Professorship of Biomechanik (Prof. Lieleg).

This module handbook serves to describe contents, learning outcome, methods and examination type as well as linking to current dates for courses and module examination in the respective sections.

Module version of WS 2016/7 (current)

There are historic module descriptions of this module. A module description is valid until replaced by a newer one.

available module versions
WS 2016/7WS 2015/6WS 2012/3SS 2012

Basic Information

MW1828 is a semester module in German language at Bachelor’s level and Master’s level which is offered every semester.

This Module is included in the following catalogues within the study programs in physics.

  • Focus Area Bio-Sensors in M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics
  • Catalogue of non-physics elective courses
Total workloadContact hoursCredits (ECTS)
90 h 30 h 3 CP

Content, Learning Outcome and Preconditions


In this lecture, first the microstructure of biomaterials will be introduced. Using the biosynthesis of proteins, DNA-origami and virus replication as examples, self-assembly as a key principle in the design of biomaterials will be discussed. Diffusion as a key transport mechanism in bio-matter and mechanisms for its regulation will be reviewed. As one example, charge screening by counter ions will be highlighted. The microscopic design of selective permeability filters will be explained and how they are used by nature to establish and maintain gradients of e.g. ions or protons. The principles of signal transduction in neurons will be discussed – especially similarities to and differences from the charge transport in coaxial cables. Finally, the molecular principles used by nature to establish light absorption and conversion into chemical energy e.g. during photosynthesis will be discussed and key concept of biomineralization process will be reviewed.

Learning Outcome

Nach erfolgreicher Teilnahme an der Modulveranstaltung Designprinzipien in Biomaterialien verstehen die Studierenden den Aufbau einer Reihe von Biomaterialien. Sie sind in der Lage, die dabei zugrundeliegenden Designprinzipien zu analysieren und die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zum Design von technischen Materialien mit ähnlichen Aufgaben zu bewerten.


Physikalische Grundlagen (Physik I und II, Thermodynamik) aus dem Bachelorstudium sind Voraussetzung. Biologisches und chemisches Grundwissen (Niveau: gymnasiale Oberstufe) wird ebenfalls erwartet.

Courses, Learning and Teaching Methods and Literature

Courses and Schedule

Learning and Teaching Methods

Die Vorlesung findet als Vortrag statt. Die Vorlesungsfolien werden spätestens am Tag vor dem jeweiligen Vorlesungstermin online zum Download zugänglich gemacht, so dass sich die Studierenden während der Vorlesung ergänzende Kommentare in ihre ausgedruckten Folien eintragen können. Ausgewählte Skizzen und Schemata werden als Tafelanschrieb ergänzt.


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Module Exam

Description of exams and course work

Die Inhalte der Vorlesungen werden nach Ablauf der Vorlesungszeit in einer 60minütigen schriftlichen Klausur abgeprüft.

Current exam dates

Currently TUMonline lists the following exam dates. In addition to the general information above please refer to the current information given during the course.

Design Principles in Biomatter - Nature as an Engineer
Thu, 2020-02-06, 14:00 till 15:00 MSB: E.126
till 2020-01-15 (cancelation of registration till 2020-01-30)
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